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Buterin Claims a “Simple” Ethereum Fork Could Provide Ultimate Protection Against Quantum Attacks

Vitalik says Ethereum has a vibranium shield against potential quantum attacks 

Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin, in a recent Ethereum Research forum post, addresses these concerns head-on. Buterin's proactive stance underscores Ethereum's readiness to counteract a quantum computing attack, emphasizing that the platform is already well-prepared for such a scenario. He envisages a situation where quantum computers could, in theory, compromise user funds by revealing private keys during transactions. 

However, Buterin reassures the community, outlining a "simple recovery fork" as a viable solution, highlighting Ethereum's resilience and forward-thinking in the face of quantum threats.

The hard fork solution: a simple yet effective measure

Buterin's proposed safeguard against quantum vulnerabilities involves a strategic hard fork, a process requiring users to transition to new wallet software. This maneuver aims to rollback the Ethereum network to a juncture before any large-scale theft could occur, effectively nullifying the quantum threat. The introduction of a novel transaction type, as part of the Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) 7560, is central to this strategy.


This new transaction mechanism would enable transactions from smart contract wallets, employing cutting-edge technologies like Winternitz signatures and zero-knowledge proofs, specifically STARKs, to ensure transaction security in a post-quantum era. This innovative approach not only preserves the integrity of Ethereum transactions but also fortifies the network against quantum-induced vulnerabilities.

Future-proofing Ethereum: quantum resistance technologies

The crux of Buterin's strategy to shield Ethereum from quantum attacks lies in the adoption of ERC-4337 account abstraction, underlying the technology for smart contract wallets. This forward-looking validation code promises to conceal private keys during transaction signing, thereby immunizing Ethereum accounts against quantum decryption. 

Buterin reassures that users who have not engaged in transactions are already safeguarded, with only their wallet addresses exposed. Moreover, the infrastructure required for this quantum-resistant hard fork could commence development immediately, underscoring the feasibility of this protective measure. 

While the quantum computing threat may seem distant, with experts predicting its emergence post-2029, Ethereum's proactive measures exemplify the platform's commitment to security and innovation, ensuring its preparedness for future challenges.